Tanzania is a peaceful prosperous and democratic country with a history enriched by contact with many cultures. From its early days of trade with Arab and Indian merchants on the Swahili Coast to more recent European exploration, it has long been a cosmopolitan and diverse culture. After German and British colonial presence little more than a century ago, Tanzania achieved its independence in 1962.

The Maasai are indubitably the most famous of Tanzania's ethnic groups. A nomadic pastoral tribe, they live predominantly in the northern part of the country and are easily recognized by their colorful attire. On the Indian Ocean Coast, the Swahili people are a mixture of Arab and Indian traders and Bantu Africans, most of whom still live according to their traditional ways.

Tanzania has allocated more land to animal conservation than any other African country. Over four hundred species of game live within vast sanctuaries. The Serengeti ecosystem alone supports a staggering diversity - up to two million animals make the great migration every year.